Governments are often the largest, or among the largest, purchasers of goods and services within their own countries. In the United States, government spending is close to 15% of GDP. In many other countries of the world, both industrialized and developing, that figure ranges from 5 to 30 %. A great way to increase energy efficiency, and reduce public expenditures on energy costs is through energy-efficient government purchasing guidelines. When governments recommend purchasing from the most energy-efficient segment of product markets, they help move the market as a whole toward more energy-efficient goods.
Berkeley Lab EETD researchers have provided quite a bit of technical advice to federal, state and local governments on developing energy-efficient procurement practices. Here are some documents and websites to help you get started, thanks to Jeff Harris in our Washington D.C. Projects Office:
We’ve worked with FEMP for many years on energy-efficient government purchasing at the federal level; see the program website at
and the related Energy Star site at http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=bulk_purchasing.bus_purchasing
A number of states and cities are now using the same criteria for energy-efficient purchasing as the federal agencies; a summary of some of these programs is in the recent paper:
Harris, J. et al. ” Energy-Efficient Purchasing by State and Local Government: Triggering a Landslide down the Slippery Slope to Market Transformation”
Download it here:
Energy-efficient government purchasing is now moving to other nations as well, including China, India, Mexico, and European nations. See the PEPS websiteâ€”Promoting and Energy-efficient Public Sector.